Wednesday, December 17, 2008

Wednesday, September 10, 2008

How do I download and install the LAME MP3 encoder?

LAME encoder to export MP3 files with Audacity.
Windows
Go to the LAME download page.
Under "For Audacity on Windows", left-click on the link "libmp3lame-win-3.97.zip" and save the zip folder to anywhere on your computer.
When you have finished downloading the ZIP folder, unzip it and save the file lame_enc.dll that it contains to anywhere on your computer.
The first time you use the "Export as MP3" command, Audacity will ask you where lame_enc.dll is saved.
In case of difficulty, please view the Audacity Wiki.

Monday, May 5, 2008

Finishing the assignments, feedback

Now, that I am looking back at the OER course and everything I have done so far, I feel I want to start everything from the beginning and improve some of the work. Anyway, it's good I have a week more to add some things to the assignments. However, I will also visit the participants' blogs and leave comments there.

Having in mind the free culture issue, I went back to http://www.flickr.com/. This time I added image sets, included images on the map and changed the licence to media commons. You can view them here.

I have also uploaded more images on wikimedia commons. I can finally add licences and categorize images. At the moment I am making a video tutorial with "wink" on how to upload images on media commons. I still have problems with the podcasts.

I went back to http://lemill.net/community/anicapetkoska and practised the option to create learning resources, by adding media, multiple choice questions and open ended questions. I uploaded: instructions for a For-page brochures, presentation assessment, an ostrich chicks image.

The rest of the feedback, you can read on wikiversity's link:
http://en.wikiversity.org/w/index.php?title=Composing_free_and_open_online_educational_resources/Critique_and_feedback

Monday, April 21, 2008

Sharing Videos



There are several possibilities to make videos:


  1. The one above was made by a web cam. It's published on blip tv, because it supports Creative Commons licenses.
  2. It's not possible to upload http://www.youtube.com/ videos, without converting them for wikiversity/ wikimedia. However, as Hans's video uploaded on Lemill shows, these videos may be used for creating free educational resources.
  3. The you tube video with the American President is a model how to put smaller clips together.
  4. Power Point Presentations can be uploaded at http://www.slideshare.net/ . This site supports Creative commons licenses. PPPresentations can either be added as links to websites, blogs and wikis or embeded. The google docs presentation are for collaborative work on presentations.
  5. However, WINK seems more proffesional, or something that I can't make yet. I installed the wink software. I read the tutorial and made the first small steps. Here is what it should do.
  6. http://www.Dotsub.com , is a web tool which supports CC licences and subtitles in any language. When uploading avideo, the video uploader and producer decides who will have rights to caption and/ or translate it.
  7. I translated this video in Macedonian language.



I will probably upload a video, on this web site, although the Conversation Week, 2008 is over now. Upps...I have to check the CC licence for translation...

Friday, April 11, 2008

Share Audios as Educational Resources Online


1. I installed audacity and LAME. (You won't need to install these two if you already have an audio recorder on your computer that produces MP3 files)
2. YouTube tutorial for this http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r5K1ZsoO1sU
3.Once you have the software installed the fun begins; you can find a number of audacity tutorials on YouTube
4. After creating a few MP3 podcasts you can upload them to some of the podcasting services like;
Odeo - I have difficulties here. I signed up with beta odeo, however I got a return message that they will notify me when beta odeo is ready to start working again

Switchpod I registered and uploaded my first switchpod here.
My RSS feed is: http://www.switchpod.com/users/anicapetkoska/feed.xml

5. We need to find some Open podcast hosting sites
read about podcasting
read about Vorbis Ogg, it is an important part of openness and sound files
read about the creative commons and their connection to audio. Consider using CC licensed music files in your OER.

Audacity and Podomatic (not a free one, after two weeks, they asked for money for the service they offer)
I managed to upload my first podcast on http://www.podomatic.com/.

It's in Macedonian language though. I read Hans comment on how to improve the quality of the audio files.
http://anicapetkoska.podomatic.com/
http://anicapetkoska.podOmatic.com/entry/2008-04-11T15_42_08-07_00

My RSS feed http://anicapetkoska.podOmatic.com/rss2.xml

Monday, April 7, 2008

A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words




http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Anicap

This is the first time I am using wikimedia commons. I have registered and uploaded the image bellow. Here is the link to the image http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Survival.jpg
Will she sell enough herbs to bring food at home?

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Media_of_the_day

These are audio or video files selected for display on the Main Page as the Media of the day. Publishing them on this page allows users to translate the captions into other languages.

Media of the Day provides one freely-licensed audio or video file each day.

The current Media of the day can be included on a page using the template{{Motdwidth=300float=rightlang=en}}The audio or video file can be accessed using[[Media:{{Motd/{{CURRENTMONTH}}-{{CURRENTDAY}}}}]]The caption can be accessed using{{Motd-en/{{CURRENTMONTH}}-{{CURRENTDAY}}}}

Wikimedia Commons uses Ogg Vorbis files for sound files and Ogg Theora for video files. You can learn which software and which codecs you need to play media files.

Requirements
First you need playback software. By default you can use the Windows Media Player, but you need extra codecs (see below). Alternatively you can use the free VLC media player or MPlayer. They can play Ogg as installed.

Downloading required Codecs
Now you have to download a necessary extension (Codec), so that your media player will be able to play sound and video files with the Ogg Vorbis file type (sound files) and with the Ogg Theora file type (video files).

Load the website http://www.illiminable.com/ogg/downloads.html#stable and click the link on the right hand side Download Now.
The file size is 800 kB. After you downloaded it to your hard disk, open the file and follow the installation guide.

Wednesday, April 2, 2008

Wikipedia and Wikimedia

Free haven of free, libre and open content online -

How and Why Wikipedia Works: An Interview with Angela Beesley, Elisabeth Bauer, and Kizu Naoko by Dirk Riehle.
The Hidden Order of Wikipedia by Fernanda B. Viégas, Martin Wattenberg and Matthew M. McKeon.
Wikimedia projects

I will ellaborate this question of "The free culture and Wikimedia movements impact on educational resources and future of education in general" mostly from the experience I have had so far with wikipedia, wikispaces and wikiversity with my students.

I have used Encarta and Britanica, before I started using blogs and wikis. The information was well organized, with videos of an excellent quality, links to the latest news. However, only a certain number of people could contribute to this encyclopedia, or learn other skills except the knowledge. I have been always amazed by the nice work done there and I wanted to be able to do similar things myself and my students too.

Whenever I search for something on google, it most frequently returns back information found at a wiki. It has been like that for several years now. I remember reading discussions that the information in wikipedia wasn't accurate, and the quality of the articles was not good. Fortunately, things have changed.

Here is an example of the first wikipedia project I have participated with my students. I liked the way it was organized. There were two fascilitators and 15 secondary schools teachers and students. Each of the 15 schools asked one question, on the other side each of the schools had to reply to the 14 other schools' questions. The fascilitators contacted the teachers every week by e-mail. The students were very busy searching for information making surveys and interviews, but also discussing soime of the questions with their peers.


Wikiversity is also well organized. It is not only for univesity learning resources but it's for all levels of learning. There are discussion pages where the articles are being discussed. The custodians are doing a great job, as they are encouriging and supporting the new users to learn and further contribute to the wikiversity.

I would also like to say a few words about the feeling of ownership, which I believe pushes the wikipedia users to volunteer their time, expertize and effort. A person is not only a learner, a user but a collaborator, a producer and a researcher at the same time.

"Be bold" is the message you get there, which means feel free to comment on other people's work, participate in discussions, participate and contribute to pages, but also create new ones.

Saturday, March 29, 2008

Copyright and Alternatives

From free software to free content resources

I will try to ellaborate why the copyright is as it is and why Lessig is claiming that we need "Free Culture". I will also try to contextualize these ideas in my own work and country.

History of copyright law , Free Culture - video presentation by Lawrence Lessig. Licensing and Creative Commons - Towards a Global Learning Commons: ccLearn By Ahrash Bissell and Jamie Boyle.

The first copyright law arrived with the arrival of the printing press. The Statute of Anne in 1709 was the first real copyright act, and gave the author in Britain rights for a limited period, after which the copyright expired. Internationally, the Berne Convention in 1887 set out the scope of copyright protection, and is still in force to this day. Nowadays, copyright has a significant effect on nearly every modern industry, covering such items as sound recordings, films, photographs, software, and architectural works.

Lawrence Lessig's video presentation on Free Culture -uses a refrain in his presentation, where he points out that creativity and innovation builds upon the past, whereas the past tries to control the creativity and innovation, and that the past is stopping the freedom by regulating creativity. He supports his speech with examples, such as Walt Disney and the Walt Disney Corporation, Bill Gates and so on.

Free code and Free Culture



Reading about the www.creativecommons.org I found this video explaining that anyone who is interested in working together should register their work here which means that you have reserved some copy rights and you allow other people to use, derive and add to the work done.

That's what teachers ask for, during workshops. They ask for more resources where they can contribute, but also use the existing educational resources and add to them, addapt them for their own students.

Thursday, March 20, 2008

Enlightenment and education for all

Some threads of thoughts behind the open educational resource movement -

I am still not sure if I understand the term "enlightment" correctly, but while reading these articles I will probably "enlighten" myself and understand it better. I must say that philosophy is not among the top strengths of my personality, as most of the theories on enlightment are new to me.
Actually, while looking for more information I found a website for the first Macedonian libraries in Skopje and the surrounding. The foundations of all libraries have been set by the spreaders of enlightenment Clement and Naum Ohridski way back in the 10th century.

Popular education and folk schools
I like the idea of giving the people another chance to study and learn whatever they haven't during the time they were in school. I would like more universities and high schools to have summer or evening, intensive programs for adults interested for new qualifications perhaps when they want to change career, or some other reasons.

"A Dwarf standing on the shoulders of the giant" is also a new expression for me. Although it was explained in the links better I am going to give my own understanding of it. The dwarf may see the future better than the giant because it's standing on the giant's shoulders. However it may be also stuck because it can only see what the giant wants it to see.

The most interesting is the free software movement and the idea of being able to read the code, and making it possible for the public to change some of that, add something of their own and again share it publicly so that someone else could benefit from the new "software" That's actually how I understand the open educational resources. It's not only that these resources are free( no money) but there is a freedom for the final user to use add change and share the final version of that. Below are the links to the course assignments.

1. Enlightenment - The Age of Enlightenment - was an eighteenth-century movement in Western philosophy. It was an age of optimism, tempered by the realistic recognition of the sad state of the human condition and the need for major reforms. Some classifications of this period also include 17th-century philosophy, which is typically known as the Age of Reason.[1]


2. Science and "standing on the shoulders of giants" - from Wikipedia.
Dwarfs standing on the shoulders of giants (Latin: nanos gigantium humeris insidentes) is a metaphor meaning "One who develops future intellectual pursuits by understanding the research and works created by notable thinkers of the past"; a contemporary interpretation.

3. Library Movement: Origins of the public library as a social institution - from Wikipedia.
http://www.gbiblsk.edu.mk/index_eng.asp?id=2
Centuries of Tradition
The alphabet, the book and reading in Macedonia have centuries of tradition. Initially libraries in Macedonia developed in the monasteries and churches where books were written, copied and kept. The foundations of all libraries have been set by the spreaders of enlightenment Clement and Naum Ohridski way back in the 10th century.In 1566 the name of Jacob of Kamena Reka appears as the name of the first Macedonian printer, and only four years afterwards Kara Trifun of Skopje opened a bookshop in Skopje.In 1837 in Thessalonica the first Macedonian printing house was opened by the archimandrite Teodosij Sinaitski. In the library of the Markov monastery of St. Dimitrij towards the middle of the 19th century there had been around 20 loads of well-preserved manuscripts.In the same period the library of the monastery St. Pantelejmon, near village Nerezi, contained 30 loads of manuscripts mostly written on parchment. The middle of the 19th century also brought the libraries and reading rooms that could be used by all citizens. The earliest Islamic libraries, as parts of the mosques, in this part of the Balkan were opened in Macedonia. According to one preserved document from 1445 about Isa Beg, a library existed in Aladza Mosque in Skopje, which at its formation had thirty chosen books written in Arabic.The first private (family) libraries were revealed in the second half of 19th century. In addition, in this period many reading rooms and school libraries were opened. The libraries in the period between 1880 and 1918 experienced great development and downfalls at the same time.With the foundation of the Faculty of Philology in 1920, the first University Library in Macedonia was opened. The Skopje Public library and reading room were opened on April 22, 1922, and the Public library of the City of Skopje was established in 1933. In 1940, the Library handles a fund of about ten thousand books.After World War II NUB “St. Clement Ohridski” was created in 1944, and one year later the City Library was founded, which received the name “Braka Miladinovci” in 1963. All libraries in Skopje were integrated in the City

4. Free Adult Education: Popular Education and Folk High School - from Wikipedia.
Adult education is the practice of teaching and educating adults. This often happens in the workplace, through 'extension' or 'continuing education' courses at secondary schools, at a college or university. Other learning places include folk high schools, community colleges, and lifelong learning centers.
5. Free_Software_Movement: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_Software_Movement
is much more than just a collection of programs. It is also a political movement, a programming methodology, and a business model.

Friday, March 14, 2008

WIKIVERSITY




http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Help:Quiz-Simple
This is a wikiversity template to make quizes.

I subscribed to the bloglines reader of all the OER participants' blogs: http://www.bloglines.com/public/oercourse

Export the OPML file, at the end of the list. Can I do the same with Google reader?

WIKIVERSITY READERS- Are there any?


Wikipedia- watch this
Wikispaces-Notify
Wikiversity- Watch this page- Not notified for changes although I ticked the watch this page button. I know I get notifications in wikiversity under Watched pages


Video converting- http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Help:Converting_video

Chat with OER participants: sign in with your user ID, and connect
http://java.freenode.net//index.php?channel=wikiversity-en IRC

Wednesday, February 27, 2008

What are OERs and why do they matter?


INTRODUCTION
http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/User:Anicap
http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Composing_free_and_open_online_educational_resources

I first started using Internet for sharing knowledge (blogging) with two classes of K-9 students in April, 2005. http://nasiotklas.blogspot.com/ At that time my goals for teaching were the ordinary EFL classroom goals, when I only wanted to provide my students a new electronic learning environment that would be more motivating and engaging. I remember my students' enthusiasm for their first task and the 45% percent increse of motivation. Their assignment was to search Internet for the Global Earth Day images on Google images, upload two on their blogs, describe, compare and contrast them and post comments to at least three other classmate blogs.........Later I encouraged them to suggest topics, gather lists of websites that were relevant to them. I invited them to post different kinds of written work and make electronic portfolios. While doing so, I wanted them to think of the audience they were writing for and reflect on their learning.However, my goals for my students and myself as a professional have changed, especially after Jeroen Clemens and I started our Internet discussions on possible collaboration for a Macedonia and rhe Netherlands project on a wikispace. In the beggining, I felt I needed to go through the experience myself and read more on other educators' experiences. As a result, Jeroen has shared his http://www.bloglines.com/ reading list with me, and pointed out Internet links to other teachers' experiences for sharing on Internet and collaboration. While learning, reading and trying out these myself, I uploaded the links and my reactions on the blog OUR CLASS http://web-2generation-2.blogspot.com/, made my own reading list on google reader, and published those online. There you can see the HOW TO work done on the latest Internet tools for collaboration, called WEB 2.0 tools such as: podcasts, wikis, blogs, voicethreads, RSS and widgets. The IRA web site has included podcasts for K-12 teachers.

Currently, I am working on the Macedonia and the Netherlands secondary schools' project, which started on January 31st, 2008. Here is the link to it.


The Open Educational Resources (OERs) are available to learners interested to participate, add, contribute, share, and collaborate by doing. With the development of the new ICT technology and the WEB 2.0 tools learners from all corners of the globe are given an opportunity to collaborate in social learning networks and create their own learning environments. These enable but at the same time require new forms of collaboration. In the knowledge economy learning and knowledge creating will be at the core of social and economic change.

Ilkka Tuomi's article (PDF) discusses the different types of openness of education resources in technical and social systems, and the characteristics of the different types. Using these as a background, and complementing the discussion with a survey of existing open educational resource initiatives he explains that OERs have important social consequences and benefits and that they are important for the development of individual capabilities. His definition that integrates the different perspectives and interests is especially important and useful in cases of joint initiatives that realize the emerging potential of open educational resources. Here is some of his list:

Project Gutenberg
Project Gutenberg has over 19,000 free ebooks.

ERIC
ERIC provides free access to more than 1.2 million bibliographic records of journal articles.

Moodle is an open source e-learning platform, a software package designed to help educators easily create quality online courses.
LionShare
LionShare is a file-sharing architecture that provides tools for the exchange of academic, personal and work-related materials. For example, members of a project in one class can share content with members of another class located in a different country, without making the content visible to the rest of the world.


Eduforge
Eduforge is an open access environment designed for the sharing of ideas, research outcomes, open content and open source software for education. The users can use community resources or start their own project spaces. Eduforge hosts over 130,000 open source projects.


MIT OCW
Open Courseware provides users with open access to the syllabi, lecture notes, course calendars, problem sets and solutions, exams, reading lists, and a selection of video lectures.
Connexions open educational resource platform aims at publishing modules that can be combined and linked to produce courses. Connexions is internationally focused, interdisciplinary, and grassroots organized.

iEARN
iEARN is made up of over 20,000 schools in more than 115 countries. iEARN empowers teachers and young people to work together online using the Internet and other new communications technologies.

Xplora
Xplora is the European gateway to science education. An example activity in Xplora is "web experiments."
http://www.sakaiproject.org/
The Sakai software includes many of the features common to Course Management Systems, including document distribution, a gradebook, discussion, live chat, assignment uploads, and online testing.

Projects and Video






creative commons.org ( 43.000. 000 samples)

PROJECTS:
1. Wikiversity (our project main page): http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Wikiversity:Main_Page

Networked learning - The project is based on the principles of networked learning where individuals establish an online identity and formulate relationships with other people and information to communicate and develop knowledge.

http://jaiku.com/channel/oercourse/ new posts and comments from blogs

2. LEMILL
http://lemill.net/
meet the course participants and facilitators on IRC,
IRC Channel freenode: http://lemill.net/irc/irc.cgi. http://lemill.net/tools/

3. Connexions

http://cnx.org/
is: a place to view and share educational material made of small modules that can be organized as courses, books, reports, etc.

4. http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/
The OpenLearn website gives free access to course materials from The Open University. The LearningSpace is open to learners anywhere in the world.

5. MIT
http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/web/home/home/index.htm is committed to advancing education and discovery through knowledge open to everyone.